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Sumatra

Sian Wikipedia
Lokasi ni pulo Sumatra di Indonesia

Sumatra(Surat Batak:ᯘᯮᯔᯖ᯲ᯒ) manang Sumatera ima sada pulo na adong di sabola pastima (Barat) ni Indonesia. Pulo Sumatra gabe sada pulo na balga di sude luat di Indonesia, jala masuk 6 pulo na bidang di portibi, alana bidang na ima 473,481 km2 (182,812 mi.2). Pulo Sumatra dang dohot itunganna tu pulo di jonokna, songon pulo Simeulue, Nias, Mentawai, Enggano, Riau, Bangka Belitung dohot pulo Krakatau.

Etimologi[patota | patota mualna]

Ditingki najolo, panggoaran Sumatra diantusi sian hata Hata Sanskerta ima goarna Suwarnadwīpa ('Pulo Sere' manang Pulau Sere (Island of Gold)) dohot Suwarnabhūmi ('Tano sere' manang Tanah Emas (Land of Gold)), alana bahat sere di adaran na timbo di luat Sumatra.[1] Panggoaran "Sumatra" na ditanda saonari, nungga ditanda parjolo hali taon 1017, ditingki raja Sriwijaya ima Haji Sumatrabhumi ("Raja tano Sumatra")[2] manongos utusan tu to Sina.

Propinsi[patota | patota mualna]

Pamatinta na adong di pulo Sumatra dibagi gabe 10 propinsi, ima:

Propinsi Ibu kota Gubernur Bidang na
(km2)
Populasi
(2021)
Kabupaten/
Kota
Logo Peta
Aceh Kota Banda Aceh Nova Iriansyah 57.956 5.184.003 23 pus
Sumatra Utara Kota Medan Edy Rahmayadi 72.981 14.753.286 33 pus
Sumatra Pastima Kota Padang Mahyeldi Ansharullah 42.012 5.511.246 19 pus
Riau Kota Pekanbaru Syamsuar 87.024 6.013.651 12 pus Ugasan:Locator riau final.png
Pulo Riau Kota Tanjung Pinang Ansar Ahmad 8.256 1.896.103 7 pus
Jambi Kota Jambi Al Haris 50.058 3.477.124 11 pus
Bengkulu Kota Bengkulu Rohidin Mersyah 19.919 1.975.845 10 pus
Sumatra Dangsina Kota Palembang Herman Deru 91.592 8.182.597 17 pus
Pulo Bangka Belitung Kota Pangkal Pinang Erzaldi Rosman Djohan 16.424 1.349.121 7 pus
Lampung Kota Bandar Lampung Arinal Djunaidi 34.632 9.597.375 15 pus


Demographi[patota | patota mualna]

Populasi[patota | patota mualna]

Molo ditudoshon tu pulo Jawa, pulo Sumatra dang pola padat, hira-hira adong ma 124 halak per km2 – adong 58.557 juta jolma di Sumatra sensus taon 2020.[3][4]

Taon Populasi
1971 20.808.148
1980 28.016.160
1990 36.506.703
1995 40.830.334
2000 42.616.164
2005 45.839.041
2010 50.613.947
2015 55.198.752
2020 58.557.211
Pustaha:[5][6]


Etnis[patota | patota mualna]

Di toru on bilangan ni etnis manang suku bangso na adong di Sumatra, sian data Sensus Penduduk Indonesia 2010. Data na masuk bilangan, ima data nadung dipapungu sude naresmi didata:[7]

Suku (Halak) Aceh Sumut Sumbar Riau Jambi Sumsel Bengkulu Lampung Babel Kepri Total
Aceh 3.819.955
(85,38%)
133.439
(1,03%)
2.489
(0,05%)
12.818
(0,23%)
3.006
(0,10%)
3.400
(0,04%)
1.542
(0,09%)
2.816
(0,04%)
579
(0,05%)
11.839
(0,71%)
3.991.883
(7,92%)
Batak 147.295
(3,29%)
5.785.716
(44,75%)
222.549
(4,61%)
691.399
(12,55%)
106.249
(3,46%)
45.709
(0,61%)
32.972
(1,93%)
52.311
(0,69%)
9.452
(0,78%)
208.678
(12,48%)
7.302.330
(14,48%)
Nias 9.366
(0,22%)
911.820
(7,05%)
18.239
(0,38%)
71.537
(1,30%)
3.574
(0,12%)
861
(0,01%)
561
(0,03%)
465
(0,01%)
168
(0,01%)
4.676
(0,28%)
1.021.267
(2,03%)
Melayu 22.198
(0,50%)
771.668
(5,97%)
39.629
(0,82%)
1.828.815
(33,20%)
164.979
(5,37%)
602.741
(8,11%)
48.331
(2,83%)
18.175
(0,24%)
18.585
(1,53%)
501.061
(29,97%)
4.016.182
(7,96%)
Minangkabau 33.112
(0,74%)
333.241
(2,58%)
4.219.729
(87,33%)
676.948
(12,29%)
163.760
(5,33%)
64.403
(0,87%)
71.472
(4,18%)
69.672
(0,92%)
4.232
(0,35%)
162.452
(9,72%)
5.799.021
(11,50%)
Jambi 787
(0,02%)
4.630
(0,04%)
5.089
(0,11%)
5.722
(0,10%)
1.337.521
(43,57%)
16.198
(0,22%)
3.413
(0,20%)
1.633
(0,02%)
1.284
(0,11%)
3.074
(0,18%)
1.379.351
(2,73%)
Sumsel 1.299
(0,03%)
3.226
(0,02%)
1.504
(0,03%)
7.997
(0,15%)
57.663
(1,88%)
4.120.408
(55,43%)
144.197
(8,43%)
409.151
(5,40%)
47.956
(3,93%)
32.941
(1,97%)
4.826.342
(9,57%)
Lampung 1.906
(0,04%)
7.928
(0,06%)
2.735
(0,06%)
5.250
(0,10%)
4.150
(0,14%)
44.983
(0,60%)
6.258
(0,37%)
1.028.190
(13,56%)
4.753
(0,39%)
3.448
(0,21%)
1.109.601
(2,20%)
Sumatra naasing 1.093
(0,02%)
30.220
(0,23%)
69.246
(1,43%)
53.691
(0,97%)
5.040
(0,16%)
104.386
(1,40%)
942.027
(55,08%)
30.579
(0,40%)
841.771
(69,03%)
8.751
(0,52%)
2.086.804
(4,14%)
Jawa 400.023
(8,94%)
4.319.719
(33,41%)
217.096
(4,49%)
1.608.268
(29,20%)
893.156
(29,10%)
2.037.715
(27,41%)
387.281
(22,65%)
4.856.924
(64,06%)
101.655
(8,34%)
417.438
(24,97%)
15.239.275
(30,22%)
Sunda 10.864
(0,24%)
35.500
(0,27%)
15.934
(0,33%)
77.932
(1,42%)
79.203
(2,58%)
162.877
(2,19%)
52.517
(3,07%)
728.684
(9,61%)
18.958
(1,55%)
49.419
(2,95%)
1.231.888
(2,44%)
Tionghoa 9.620
(0,22%)
340.320
(2,63%)
10.799
(0,22%)
101.864
(1,85%)
37.246
(1,21%)
72.575
(0,98%)
2.890
(0,17%)
39.979
(0,53%)
99.624
(8,17%)
128.704
(7,70%)
843.621
(1,67%)
Banjar 2.734
(0,06%)
125.707
(0,97%)
355
(0,01%)
227.239
(4,13%)
102.237
(3,33%)
1.442
(0,02%)
180
(0,01%)
411
(0,00%)
249
(0,02%)
11.811
(0,71%)
472.365
(0,94%)
Bugis 989
(0,02%)
4.899
(0,04%)
656
(0,01%)
107.159
(1,95%)
96.145
(3,13%)
42.977
(0,58%)
3.687
(0,21%)
21.054
(0,28%)
33.582
(2,75%)
37.124
(2,22%)
348.272
(0,69%)
Banten 1.644
(0,04%)
46.640
(0,36%)
287
(0,00%)
1.357
(0,02%)
723
(0,02%)
17.141
(0,23%)
148
(0,01%)
172.403
(2,27%)
655
(0,05%)
430
(0,02%)
241.428
(0,48%)
Bali 145 (0,00%) 1.162
(0,01%)
192
(0,00%)
1.031
(0,02%)
464
(0,02%)
38.552
(0,52%)
4.323
(0,25%)
104.810
(1,38%)
1.113
(0,09%)
1.315
(0,08%)
153.107
(0,30%)
Suku naasing 10.914
(0,24%)
74.484
(0,58%)
5.617
(0,12%)
28.815
(0,52%)
14.655
(0,48%)
57.674
(0,78%)
8.317
(0,49%)
44.694
(0,59%)
34.782
(2,85%)
88.730
(5,31%)
368.682
(0,73%)
Sumatra 4.473.944 12.930.319 4.832.145 5.507.842 3.069.771 7.434.042 1.710.116 7.581.951 1.219.398 1.671.891 50.431.419

Galeri[patota | patota mualna]

Pustaha[patota | patota mualna]

  1. Drakard,Jane. A Kingdom of Words: Language and Power in Sumatra (1999), Oxford University Press, ISBN 983-56-0035-X, 13 September 2021
  2. Munoz, Paul Michel. Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Malay Peninsula (2006), Continental Sales, Incorporated, ISBN 978-981-4155-67-0, 13 September 2021
  3. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  4. Population Statistics, GeoHive, 13 September 2021
  5. Penduduk Indonesia menurut Provinsi 1971, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000 dan 2010, Badan Pusat Statistik, 13 September 2021
  6. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2019.
  7. Kewarganegaraan, Suku Bangsa, Agama, dan Bahasa Sehari-hari Penduduk Indonesia, www.bps.go.id, alaman 36-41, diakses 16 September 2021